Neo-Byzantine artist Petro Kholodny Sr.: touches to the portrait

Issue: 
Pages: 
61-65
Abstract: 

An article of a review nature, devoted to the work of the famous Ukrainian artist Petro Kholodny Sr. His creative biography is analyzed. Attention is also paid to the public, political, pedagogical activities of the artist. P. Kholodny worked in various genres of art, studied in detail the ancient techniques of monumental painting. The period of formation of creative skill of the artist, the period of training is traced. Researchers of P. Kholodny's creative biography see the influences of Impressionism, Modernism, and Neo-Byzantinism on the formation of his artistic language.
All periods of the artist's work are considered: Kyiv, Lviv, Warsaw. Organizer of the "Circle of Ukrainian Artists", an active participant in exhibitions of 1922-1927.
The artist's portrait includes portraits of contemporaries: M. Yunakov, M. Bezruchko, V. Silsky, M. Omelyanovich-Pavlenko, Ataman Y. Tyutyunnyk, Colonel M. Palienko, D. Vitovsky, O. Gulyay-Gulenko, writers V. Samylenko, Yu. Romanchuk, Fr. Joseph the Blind; a number of female portraits; historical and genre paintings - "Departure from the castle", "Prince Igor's campaign against the Polovtsians", "Oh, in a field of rye…". The artist also worked in the field of sacred art - icons and stained glass of the Church of the Assumption, iconostasis and frescoes in the Chapel of the Holy Spirit of Lviv Theological Seminary, a number of icons in churches of Radelichi, Kholoiv, Borovichi, Zubets, Lviv region. In these works, the Ukrainian artistic tradition and iconographic Byzantium are combined with figurative and coloristic techniques of folk art.
P. Kholodny's posthumous exhibition in 1931 at the National Museum in Lviv, which numbered more than 350 exhibits, was significant. Many of these works were destroyed or depicted as "ideologically harmful examples of nationalist creativity" during the Soviet occupation of Lviv.

UDC: 
7.071.1/7.036
Language of publication: 
Українська
References: 

1.    Holubets, M. (1926). Kholodnyi. Lviv : Ukr. mystetstvo, 25 p. [in Ukrainian]
2.    Hakh, I., Derzhko, O., Sydor, O., Yatsiv, R. (Ed.). (1996.) Na poshanu Petrovi Ivanovychu Kholodnomu (1876–1930) [In honor of Peter Ivanovich Kholodny (1876-1930)]. Lviv, Vol. 1, 70 p. [in Ukrainian]
3.    Nekroloh. (1930). Svoboda. New-York. 1 lypnia. P. 4. [in Ukrainian]
4.    Pro [About P. Kholodny]. (1931). Statti I. Svientsitskoho i M. Drahana [Articles by I. Sventsitsky and M. Dragan.]. Lviv, 16 p. [in Ukrainian]
5.    Siropolko, S. (1931). Nevidzhalovana vtrata (Pamiaty P. Kholodnoho) [Unseen loss (In memory of P. Kholodny)]. Kalendar-almanakh ‚“Dnipro“ – Calendar-almanac "Dnipro". Lviv, P. 86–92. [in Ukrainian]
6.    Siropolko, S. (1939). Petro Kholodnyi yak pedahoh i osvitnii diiach [Petro Kholodny as a teacher and educator]. Lviv: T-vo «Vzaimna Pomich Ukr. Vchytelstva», 20 p. [in Ukrainian]
7.    Stelmashchuk, H. (2013). Ukrainski myttsi u sviti. Materialy do istorii ukrainskoho mystetstva XX st. [Ukrainian artists in the world. Materials on the history of Ukrainian art of the XX century]. Lviv: Apriori, 520 p. [in Ukrainian]
8.    Teliachyi, Yu. (2008). Neznanyi Petro Kholodnyi starshyi [Unknown Petro Kholodny]. Obrazotvorche mystetstvo – Fine Arts, 2. P. 20–22. [in Ukrainian]