National identity and regional features of expressionism in the context of artistic and stylistic features of Ukrainian painting of the first third of the twentieth century


The article considers the problem of national specificity of expressionism in Ukrainian painting of the first third of the XX century. In this regard, the works of leading representatives of this trend in Ukrainian avant-garde painting are analyzed. The issue of regional features of expressionism in the context of artistic and stylistic features of Ukrainian painting of the first third of the twentieth century is also raised. Based on the analysis of paintings, it was determined that Western Ukrainian artists often used the synthesis of secession (often borrowed while studying at the Krakiw or Munich academies of arts) and expressionism. At the same time, it was found that Central and Eastern Ukraine develop expressionism in combination with cubism, abstractionism, constructivism. The article also reveals the features of national identity, invariably present in the works of Ukrainian expressionists, extended to the powerful dynamics of lines, color contrasts, tonal vibrations. Thematic diversity of works by O. Novakivsky, S. Hordynsky, V. Lasovsky, V. Khmelyuk, O. Hryshchenko and others covers images of the people, various states of nature, still life, landscape, portrait.

It is proved that Ukrainian representatives of expressionism, enriching their own painting culture and basic professional qualities in leading European art schools, developed the problem of color, combined the latest formal experiments on plastic form and the identity of national traditions.

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