The influence of Blek le Rat and Banksy art works on the mural art in Lviv. Stencil graffiti


The article is dedicated to alalysis of mural art illustrated by the works of Blek le Rat and Banksy and undertaking of study of their influence on the urbanistic art of Lviv. Research material is briefly reviewing biographical information of the world-renowned stars of street art. The main art projects, locations and art space are described, the determinations that are little-known in Ukrainian art literature as «brandalism» and «stencil graffiti» are explained. It proves that the rapid improvement of сontemporary Ukrainian art is closely related with the process of globalization in multicultiral world. The projects of the artists in public space are being expressed more frequently and made performative and socio-political sense. The cities and the streets that are disappearing or are saved and idealized are considered as the objects for the large-scale paintings. It is established that the researchers of the leading urbanistic painters of the Ukrainian contemporary art are almost absent.

Language of publication: 

1. Vysheslavskyi, H. (2010). Terminolohiia suchasnoho mystetstva: oznachennia, neolohizmy, zharhonizmy suchasnoho vizualnoho mystetstva Ukrainy [Terminology of Contemporary Art: Denition, Neologisms, Jargon of Modern Visual Art of Ukraine]. Paryzh : Kyiv : Terra Incognita. [In Ukrainian] 
2. Holubets, O. (2012). Mystetstvo XX stolittia: ukrainskyi shliakh [Art of the twentieth century: Ukrainian way]. Lviv: Kolir PRO. [In Ukrainian] 
3. Yemova, A. V. (2017). Khudozhni praktyky v urbanistychnykh prostorakh kintsia XX – pochatku XXI stolittia (dosvid Zakhidnoi Ukrainy) [Artistic practices in the urban spaces of the late XX – early XXI century (experience of Western Ukraine)]. Candidate's thesis. Lviv. [In Ukrainian] 
4. Shakter, R. (2018). Svitovyi atlas vulychnoho mystetstva i hrati [World Atlas of Street Art and Grati]. Kyiv: Magenta Art Books. [In Ukrainian]. 
5. Bodnar, Yu. (2016). Dvir mystetstva: de ziavyvsia, yak rozvyvavsia i kudy pryishov. [Art courtyard: where it appears, how it evolved and where it came]. Platforma. Retrieved from [In Ukrainian] 
6. Vereshchak, M. (2018). Khto i yak peretvoriuie lvivskyi Pidzamche na raion strit-artu [Who and how does Lviv Pidzamche transforms into the area of street art]. Retrieved from [In Ukrainian] 
7. Vorotnov, V. (2010). Strit-art – yak koloda v otsi vitchyznianykh instytutsii [Street art - as a deck in the eye of domestic institutions]. Art Ukraine. Retrieved from [In Ukrainian] 
8. Hrytsiuk, K. (2018). Muraly : novyi pidkhid do staroho. [Murali : New Approach to the Old]. Retrieved from article/5056/murali-novij-pidxid-do-starogmistetstva.html.http://www. [In Ukrainian] 
9. Dovhaliuk, T. (2017). Lviv WallKing – vulychne mystetstvo Lvova. Unexploredcity. Retrieved from [In Ukrainian]
10. Drozda, A. (2019) Svitova zirka vulychnoho hrafiti Blek Le Rat namaliuvav u Lvovi vulychnoho skrypalia. ZAXID.NET. Retrieved from [In Ukrainian]
11. Kovalov, A. (2017). Ukrainski muraly uviishly do spysku krashchykh vytvoriv vulychnoho mystetstva 2017 roku [Ukrainian murals included in the list of  best pieces of street art in 2017]. Retrieved from https:// [In Ukrainian]
12. Matskiv, M., & Shylinh, Ya. (2012) Shedevry hrafiti – pamiatka, shcho varta zakhystu. DW. Retrieved from [In Ukrainian]
13. Nastinnyi zhyvopys: TOP-10 muraliv Ukrainy za versiieiu Dobovo [Wall painting: TOP-10 mural of Ukraine in version Dobovo]. Pro Lviv (2018). Retrieved from [In Ukrainian]
14. Boehm Gottfried (1996) Zuwachs an Sein. Hermeneutische Reflexion und bildende Kunst, [in:] Die Moderne und die Grenze der Vergegenständlichung, Gadamer Hans‑Georg (ed.). Klüser: München. 
15. Dickens, L. (2014). How did Banksy become the worlds most famous vandal. Retrieved from
16. Chilvers, I. (2015). Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
17. Gralińska Toborek, A. (2014). Experience of Art in Urban Space. Lodz: Biblioteka Publishing House.
18.     Hall Edward (1976). Beyond Culture. New York, London, Toronto : Anchor Books: Anchor Books. 
19.     Hammersley Martyn, Atkinson Paul (2007). Ethnography: Principles in Practice. New York : Routlege.