Festivals (symposia) of pottery became a striking phenomenon in the artistic life of Ukraine at the turn of the XX - XXI centuries


Festivals (symposia) of pottery became a striking phenomenon in the artistic life of Ukraine at the turn of the XX - XXI centuries. They are an important motivational factor for maintaining traditions and innovating in modern pottery, activate the processes of creative production of ceramics in modern conditions, give potters the opportunity to experiment and share experiences. Pottery festivals also stimulate increased interest in pottery ware in today's realities, and promote them. The importance of studying and analyzing both the individual pottery ware and the pottery festivals as a phenomenon of modern culture in general make this article relevant.
Objectives: The purpose of the article is to explore, analyze and summarize the experience of holding pottery festivals in Ukraine at the turn of the XX - XXI centuries.
The scientific novelty: on the basis of a comprehensive historical and art analysis for the first time the basic concepts of conducting pottery festivals in Ukraine at the turn of the XX - XXI centuries were generalized, criteria for determining types and art content created in the conditions of festivals were developed; the influence of pottery festivals on the activation of pottery revival is outlined.
Results: In the XXI century pottery festivals have become quite commonplace, unlike the 1990s. An important result of the implementation of festival projects is that traditional ceramics have become a full-fledged cultural phenomenon, many masters have returned to pottery, and festivals themselves, along with traditional exhibitions, are today an indispensable element of the cultural process in the artistic life of Ukraine. The most important component of festivals and their purpose is communication exchange of experience, search for innovative approaches to the creation of pottery.
As a rule, the result of such a project as the "pottery festival" is the creation of pottery masters directly in the "field" conditions. Research on specific festivals shows that the main features that make it possible to refer them to notable cultural and artistic projects are periodicity, significance and planned character. The theme of the festivals is usually determined in advance. It implies the existence of a specific concept, program, conditions of participation and work, creative tasks and criteria for their evaluation.
The activity of potters at festivals is historically determined by the traditions of certain pottery centers. The creative codes of their works have their origins mostly in antiquity, in ethnic culture. Therefore, their leading function is to be worthy of those historical ethnocodes of the people.
The creative, thoughtful use and rethinking of the use of pottery traditions, the ability to generalize the experience gained and its interpretation, multiplied by the author's expression, contribute to the emergence of highly artistic works of ceramics. In addition, pottery festivals often become an experimental platform for the application and dissemination of a variety of innovative techniques: the appeal of the masters to the traditions of folk pottery is accompanied by the search for new means of expression, new principles of shaping, appeal to art.
The most important component of festivals and their purpose is communication, exchange of experience, search for innovative approaches to the creation of pottery.
In the beginning of the 21st century, alongside with the production of traditional ceramics, the presentation of works, such as performance, became more and more popular, when the action, movement, spectacle, such as the burning of a fiery ceramic vase or sculpture, became decisive.
Conclusions: Pottery festivals in Ukraine, as a phenomenon of modern artistic culture, contain a wide range of tasks. The purpose of such events is to identify and demonstrate the creative potential and achievements of Ukrainian artistic ceramics in the field of folk art, to involve the successors of pottery families and new masters, to communicate and exchange experience, to develop and continue the traditions of folk pottery, to promote the art of ceramics, the formation of taste aesthetics, promoting the use of domestic ceramic products in the contemporary life. The festivals and symposia are setting the tone, shaping the vertical of the artistic preferences of the population, contributing to its artistic and aesthetic education, and at the same time, preserving national identity.

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